A Closer Look at Gum Disease (with Illustrations)

Gum disease can be devastating to your teeth, gums, and bone

If you’ve been told you have gum diseased — or have been diagnosed by your dentist or periodontist — you’re likely to have some questions.

Gum disease can have significant negative consequences on your oral and overall health.

A look at the 3 stages…

1 ) — Gingivitis
2 ) — Periodontitis
3 ) — Advanced Periodontitis

Stage 1: Gingivitis

gum-disease-fort-lauderdale-stage-1Gingivitis is the onset of gum disease.

If the plaque that builds up on your tooth surface is not cleared away with proper brushing and flossing, bacteria will become trapped within the plaque.

The bacteria grow and irritate your gum tissue, resulting in red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush and floss.

Treatment of gingivitis, before the infection progresses to its next stage, is the best course of action.

Stage 2: Periodontitis

gum-disease-fort-lauderdale-stage-2Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease. It is characterized by the damage of the connective fibers and bone that surrounds your teeth, holding them in place.

Your gum tissue will pull away from the teeth and begin to recede, lowering your gum line.

As the gums detach from the tooth surface, they form deep pockets, creating a place for more bacteria to accumulate.

In addition, the toxins produced by the bacteria may also emit an odor, resulting in bad breath.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

gum-disease-fort-lauderdale-stage-3Advanced periodontitis is the final stage of gum disease. At this point, your connective fibers, bone, and gum tissue will be devastated by the infection.

Consequently, your teeth will eventually loosen without their support.

Your gums, which are meant to provide a barrier to infection, will erode, leaving your tooth surface exposed to disease and decay.

Immediate treatment is necessary to save your teeth and bone.

Concerned about the health of your teeth? Let’s chat.

If you have questions for a periodontist – please contact our offices. We’d be happy to talk more with you!

Deerfield Beach office: (954) 427-5700

Fort Lauderdale office: (954) 916-7664

periodontist in fort lauderdale

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